Why The Majority of Pakistanis leaving for abroad | 2023 | Reasons and Implications

Why do so many Pakistanis leaving for abroad? Learn the reasons behind this trend and its implications for Pakistan in 2023.


In the first nine months of 2023, a significant number of Pakistanis, totaling more than 630,000, have left the country in pursuit of better job opportunities abroad. This migration trend is notable and raises questions about the factors influencing this mass movement. Pakistani laborers flee to Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Oman, Qatar, Malaysia, Bahrain, Romania, Greece, and Iraq for improved job chances. This trend shows the global need for Pakistani workers, yet the skill gap and labor job domination indicate areas for development in education and employment.

Reasons for Leaving Pakistan:

The primary reason for the exodus, as indicated by data from the Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment, is the search for better employment prospects. In the period till September 2023, 633,108 Pakistanis registered for overseas employment, with a substantial portion leaving in the month of September alone. The breakdown of professions includes 275,433 laborers, 141,282 drivers, 6,351 engineers, 5,876 accountants, 2,580 doctors, and 1,194 teachers.

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Job Opportunities: The main benefit is the availability of job opportunities abroad, attracting individuals from various professions.
Destination Countries: The top destinations for Pakistani workers include Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Malaysia, Bahrain, Romania, Greece, and Iraq.


Skilled Workforce Imbalance: The data reveals a concerning trend where a significant number of those leaving are unskilled (281,781), raising questions about the skill development and job market within Pakistan.
Dependency on Labor Jobs: A large portion of those leaving consists of laborers and drivers, indicating a potential imbalance in the type of jobs available domestically.

Here is comparison table for better understanding why Pakistanis leaving for abroad?

Job OpportunitiesAbundant employment prospects abroad.Imbalance with a large number in unskilled labor.
DestinationOpportunities in countries like Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, and more.Skewed reliance on labor jobs; limited diversity in professions.
Skill DevelopmentExposure to diverse job markets and potential skill enhancement.Concerns about the shortage of skilled workforce in Pakistan.
Economic ImpactRemittances contribute positively to the economy.Indicates challenges in retaining skilled workers domestically.
Political StabilityUnstable government conditions may contribute to the exodus.

Final Conclusion of why Pakistanis leaving for abroad?

The departure of over 630,000 Pakistanis in search of jobs abroad highlights both opportunities and challenges. While it showcases the global demand for Pakistani workforce, the imbalance in skill levels and the dominance of labor jobs signal areas for improvement within the country’s education and job sectors.

Note: The data provided by the Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment specifically includes individuals registered with the Bureau and does not account for those moving abroad for purposes other than employment, such as for studies or direct immigration.

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